Museum of Pre Achaemenid Iran
Median civilization, Elamite, Babylon, Mesopotamia ...
(4000 BCE - 550 BCE)
Lion and Bull, Iran, 1500-1000 BC. bronze, cast, Cleveland Museum of Art. Combining the strength of the lion and the fertility of the bull, this creature must have served as an object of worship in a temple or shrine.
Golden cup of Hasanlu is one of the valued document which was discovered in 1957, during Robert Dison excavation in Teppeh Hasanlu, near Naghadeh, northwest of Iran. The cup dates back to 3200 years ago and influenced over next civilization artworks Medes. Urmia Museum.
Ram-Head Drinking Vessel, Iran, Median, late 7th Century BC, silver. Cleveland Museum of Art : not on view. The Medes, who conquered the Assyrians, were soon conquered by the Achaemenian Cyrus the Great, king of Persia from 559 to 529 BC. The rhyton, or horn-shaped drinking vessel, popular among the Medes, was adopted by the Achaemenians.
ARRAJĀN bronze candlesticks. The Elamite civilization of Iran. Elam was an ancient Pre-persian Empire centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq.
Part of the Marlik treasures, Marlik is an ancient site near Roudbar in Gilan, north of Iran. The site of a royal cemetery, and artifacts found at this site date back to 3,000 years ago. Some of the artifacts contain amazing workmanship with gold. According to G.N.Kurochkin, the archeological monuments Iranians and show similarities to the descriptions of the Avesta Yashts.
Shahr-e Sūkhté Artificial Eye, Shahr-e Sūkhté, is an archaeological site of a sizable Bronze Age urban settlement, associated with the Jiroft culture. It is located in Sistan and Baluchistan Province, the southeastern part of Iran, on the bank of the Helmand River, near the Zahedan-Zabol road. In July 2014 it was placed on the World Heritage List of UNESCO. In December 2006, archaeologists discovered the world's earliest known artificial eyeball. It has a hemispherical form and a diameter of just over 2.5 cm (1 inch). It consists of very light material, probably bitumen paste. The surface of the artificial eye is covered with a thin layer of gold, engraved with a central circle (representing the iris) and gold lines patterned like sun rays. The female remains found with the artificial eye was 1.82 m tall (6 feet), much taller than ordinary women of her time. On both sides of the eye are drilled tiny holes, through which a golden thread could hold the eyeball in place. Since microscopic research has shown that the eye socket showed clear imprints of the golden thread, the eyeball must have been worn during her lifetime. The woman's skeleton has been dated to between 2900 and 2800 BCE.
Magnificent Heritage of Pre Achaemenid Iran
Palaces, temples, tombs, buildings &...
Chogha Zanbil is an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran. It is one of the few existent ziggurats outside of Mesopotamia. It lies approximately 42 km (26 mi) south-southeast of Dezful, 30 km (19 mi) south-east of Susa and 80 km (50 mi) north of Ahvaz. It was built about 1250 BC by the king Untash-Napirisha, mainly to honor the great god Inshushinak. Its original name was Dur Untash, which means 'town of Untash', but it is unlikely that many people, besides priests and servants, ever lived there. The complex is protected by three concentric walls which define the main areas of the 'town'. The inner area is wholly taken up with a great ziggurat dedicated to the main god, which was built over an earlier square temple with storage rooms also built by Untash-Napirisha. The middle area holds eleven temples for lesser gods. It is believed that twenty-two temples were originally planned, but the king died before they could be finished, and his successors discontinued the building work. In the outer area are royal palaces, a funerary palace containing five subterranean royal tombs.The ziggurat is considered to be the best preserved example in the world. In 1979, Chogha Zanbil became the first Iranian site to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Cyaxares Ancient tomb, median iranian king in the Kurdistan of Iraq. Cyaxares or Hvakhshathra (625–585 BC), the son of King Phraortes, and according to Herodotus was the third and most capable king of Media. According to Herodotus, Cyaxares, grandson of Deioces, had a far greater military reputation than his father or grandfather. He was the first to divide his troops into separate sections of spearmen, archers, and horsemen. By uniting the Iranian tribes of Ancient Iran and conquering neighbouring territories, Cyaxares built the Median Empire into a regional power. He facilitated the fall of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, and according to Herodotus repelled the Scythians from Media.
Relief of Kul-e Farah ,Iranian prehistory. Kul-e Farah is the site of six Elamite rock reliefs that are located in a gorge on the plain's east side. Kul-e Farah is located near the city of Izeh in Khuzestan, southwest Iran. The reliefs were first visited in European research by Austen Henry Layard in 1841. Layard copied the 24-line cuneiform inscription on relief I, and five of the short epigraphs on some of the figures.
Essaqwand Rock Tombs, Essaqwand Rock TombsThe Essaqwand Rock Tombs are three rock-hewn tombs located 25 km southwest of Harsin in Kermanshah Province, Iran. On top of the middle tomb there is the bas-relief of a man with his profile toward the viewers. He is holding his hands in prayers in front of him. There is also a torch and a fire altar in front of him. Behind the fire altar there is another man, holding up something in his hands. The tombs have been attributed to different historical eras including Medes, Achaemenids, Seleucids and Parthians. 7th century B.C.