Military position of Persian Gulf
By military position we mean military importance of Persian Gulf region and it being strategic with consideration and examination (of military bases of foreign hostile powers in region), (direct presence of navies of big countries in Persian Gulf), (purchase of massive weapons of countries of domain of Persian Gulf) and (military force of Persian Gulf neighboring countries).
In Arab part of Persian Gulf there are numerous bases which belong illegal powers of world and using equipments they have in these bases, these countries can easily campaign against any point they want. Sensitivity of this region has always persuaded superpowers to intensify their attempts for being directly present in region. History of physical and military presence of powerful countries goes back to far pas history like military presence of countries like Portugal, Netherlands, France, England and America. Wrong politics of region rulers and inviting big powers to have military presence has led to great and advanced navies of powerful countries being present in this region.
Exorbitant budgets that are spent annually on purchasing great and advanced weaponry take place with diverse goals in this region. Huge purchases which Arab dictators of region commit with revenue yielded from oil sale especially Saudi Arabia have turned this region into a big weaponry and ammunition depot. Existence of Hormoz strait in this region as a vital highway where most of consumable fuel of industrial world is supplied and also existence of island and other strategic regions have added to military importance of Persian Gulf. These totalitarian countries where people play no role in determining their fate are considered among fixed allies of United States which is false claimant of human rights in world.
In addition to important factor of oil which throughout past century has turned Persian Gulf into most important strategic region of west and east, new Islamic rising and revolutionary Islam growth the focus of which is Iran has made western countries sensitive to this region.
Military bases of colonizing powers of America and England in Persian Gulf region for sake of keeping their illegal interests and creation of security in sailing and copulation roads and have embarked on creating bases in Arab dominated countries of Persian Gulf region so that they can use these bases for military operations when need arises. These bases have all been founded with colonizing purposes. With occurrence of Persian Gulf war the importance of these bases was foreshadowed.
Military bases in Oman
Masir base: Masire island belongs to Oman and its northern was ceded to England in 1958. This base was ceded to America due to military and strategic importance in 1971 after England leaving Persian gulf region and now is deployment site of rapid reaction forces of that country. Having a twelve-thousand-foot landing strip and an emergency landing strip, a vast ammunition depot and six airplane hangars said base is amongst most important American bases in Persian Gulf region.
Omolghanam base: This base is located in mouth of Hormoz strait in Masnadam region. Importance of this base is because from there one can supervise Hormoz strait and sailing in Persian Gulf.
Khazab naval base: This base is also located in Masnadam region which due to being close to Hormoz strait enjoys a high status. In Khazab there exists a 6,500-foot landing strip which is used by American airplanes.
Samarit base: This base is placed as a land and aerial base in north of Salale city and is entitled to England. By virtue of 1970 contract between England and Oman, England used military airport of this base and also transformed Masire island into an aerial and navy force base.
Beitolfalaj base: This land base is also controlled over by the English. Of course a number of military forces of Oman are deployed in this base under supervision of the English.
Military bases in Saudi Arabia
Zahran aerial-naval base: This base is located in Saudi Arabia and is controlled by Americans. In the meantime America also uses naval facilities of Jebel island.
Asafanie naval base: This base is located in Saudi Arabia and it was assumed that it was to be used mutually by Saudi Arabia and America. Creating this base started from 1980.
Hafrolbaten aerial base: This base is located in northeast of Hijaz and is flight center of AWACS airplanes.
Military bases in Bahrain
Jafir naval base: This base is located in Bahrain and its control has been vested in America’s navy force since 1949. Lease agreement of this base was ended in June 1977 but America still was present there. In this base there also a number of English forces.
Haghragh base: America accompanied by two countries of France and England uses this base which is located in land of Bahrain. This base has role of supporting and reinforcing forces. A number of forces of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE and Qatar are being trained in this base by American experts.
Rest of Arab countries of Persian Gulf consider themselves void of cooperation regarding vesting bases to America but in action navies of America use military installations of all Arab countries of region when entering (139).
Presence of military navies of great powers in Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf has witnessed presence and display of many navies of great foreign powers in recent centuries. America and (former) USSR were constantly disputing over obtaining more interests in this region. Dominance over Persian Gulf with respect to reduction of risk of (former) USSR being under siege by western countries had huge importance.
Although (former) USSR in order to penetrate in Persian Gulf attempted to establish base, airport and to exert governance in some point but it never had serious presence in Persian Gulf.
Concerning presence of America in Persian Gulf region it can be said: America used Iran as an excuse to justify sending of more military troops towards the region, war of Iran and Iraq and endangering Hormoz strait by use of regional force. America was able to display its military presence in Persian Gulf with these claims.
War of oil tankers in Persian Gulf in 1984-1987 was also one of factors that caused military presence of America in Persian Gulf in the wake of request of Kuwait from America in beginnings of 1987 it entered Persian Gulf to support oil tankers. From beginning one of American navies named US stark was shot by Egerzuse rocket made by the French and 37 of its crew were also killed. After a while Iraq admitted having attacked American navy, but America identified Iran as main factor of convulsion. America in July 1987 after having deployed forty of its navy vessels in region, embarked on installing its flag on first Kuwaiti oil tanker. War of oil tankers also made powerful countries gain a foothold in Persian Gulf. France in August 17, 1987 announced that it will dispatch its aircraft carrier namedClemenceau to Persian Gulf region. In October 1987, number of American vessels reached 41 ships and war vessels of other powerful countries reached 30 ships. Presence of foreign powers not only didn’t reduce intensity of attack on oil tankers but also these probabilities were aggravated in November of same year.
In September 1, 1987 three oil carrying oil tankers of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were attacked by fast sailing boats and in July 2, 1988 American navy rose in support of a Danish ship and engaged Iranian cannonading crafts.
Weaponry purchase of Persian Gulf countries
Western countries in the wake of Islamic revolution of Iran and their interests being endangered in Persian Gulf region intended to display Iran as a main enemy for Arab countries of Persian Gulf with false propaganda. Arab states of Persian Gulf under influence of this propaganda and pressure of western countries increased their weaponry purchase from western countries, such that balance of power in this region was disturbed and the region has now come to be known as a big weaponry depot. America and England are in first and second ranks in selling military weapons to these countries. They are after such a goal by selling these weapons. America in addition to the benefit obtains in this manner can increase its penetration in complete achievement of fate of these countries, because these countries have in no way ability to utilize this huge amount of weapons. And as a result, armies of region will be supervised by American experts. As an example, Saudi Arabia considering to its massive and military purchases is in sixth rank with respect to military budget. Most of wealth of this country is spent on weaponry purchase specially air force. Saudi Arabia in 1981 bought four AWACS airplanes from America. This country in addition to these airplanes is equipped with 205 fighters and three F15 squadrons.
Presence of military (naval) forces of region countries
Two countries of Iran and Iraq with respect to naval power were among powerful countries in Persian gulf in naval terms. But Iraq lost most of its naval equipments due to naval attack of Islamic Republic of Iran during imposed war.
Naval forces of Iran during Iran and Iraq war displayed active presence in Persian Gulf. Naval forces of Iraq at beginning of war entered into war with naval forces of Iran with full power but having been inflicted with heavy damages limited its naval operations and embarked on military operations in form of strike and escape. Naval forces of Iran not only had entered war with Iraq but also controlled ship sailing and prevented all ships from entering Iraq ports.
Arab countries of region from 1970s onward especially after occurrence of imposed war of Iraq against Iran embarked on modernizing their naval forces. These forces haven’t had direct interference in Persian Gulf events and have displayed their military power in form of participating in mutual maneuvers and they truly know that modern weaponry of these countries are of no use against military powers of Iran that are active with an orderly and disorderly approach in region.